how many countries in africa

Currently, there are between 47 and 55 countries in Africa. The most accurate count of countries for the continent of Africa is 54. This includes all internationally recognized territories and states on the continent.

The variation is a result of disputed territories and inconsistencies around the inclusion of island nations off the coast of Africa. The African Union recognizes 54 countries while the United Nations recognizes 54 as well. They, unfortunately, do not recognize the same 54 nations. Both the United Nations and the African Union have slight variations in their inclusions of countries. For example, Morocco is part of the United Nations but not a member of the African Union. The recently created region of Western Sahara is recognized by the African Union but not by the United Nations.

DIVIDING LINES OF AFRICA

The continent of Africa is bordered to the West by the Atlantic Ocean. To the East you will find the boundary set by the Indian Ocean. To the South, the Southern Ocean gives Africa is “V” shape. To the North, the Mediterranean Sea and Red Sea define its boundaries. Africa is one of the few continents that is mostly defined simply by the bodies of water which surround it.

countries in africa

LIST OF COUNTRIES IN AFRICA

African CountryCapital CityPopulation
 AlgeriaAlgiers39,667,203
 AngolaLuanda25,326,755
 BeninPorto-Novo10,782,365
 BotswanaGaborone2,176,741
 Burkina FasoOuagadougou18,450,347
 BurundiBujumbura9,824,320
 CameroonYaoundé21,918,057
 Cape VerdePraia525,662
 Central African RepublicBangui4,900,413
 ChadN’Djamena13,675,741
 ComorosMoroni783,544
 Democratic Republic of the CongoKinshasa77,267,269
 DjiboutiDjibouti961,037
 EgyptCairo88,523,985
 Equatorial GuineaMalabo1,996,227
 EritreaAsmara6,895,222
 EthiopiaAddis Ababa99,391,145
 GabonLibreville1,873,230
 GambiaBanjul2,022,474
 GhanaAccra27,414,682
 GuineaConakry10,935,259
 Guinea-BissauBissau1,788,088
 Ivory CoastAbidjan, Yamoussoukro23,126,355
 KenyaNairobi45,533,204
 LesothoMaseru1,908,335
 LiberiaMonrovia4,046,007
 LibyaTripoli6,278,522
 MadagascarAntananarivo23,043,955
 MalawiLilongwe16,307,685
 MaliBamako17,796,125
 MauritaniaNouakchott3,632,657
 MauritiusPort Louis1,263,916
 MoroccoRabat34,380,277
 MozambiqueMaputo28,013,037
 NamibiaWindhoek2,281,238
 NigerNiamey18,880,785
 NigeriaAbuja182,202,652
 Republic of the CongoBrazzaville4,706,257
 RwandaKigali11,324,426
 São Tomé and PríncipeSão Tomé194,000
 SenegalDakar14,150,852
 SeychellesVictoria970,457
 Sierra LeoneFreetown6,513,357
 SomaliaMogadishu10,972,148
 South AfricaBloemfontein, Cape Town, Pretoria5,495,724
 South SudanJuba12,519,321
 SudanKhartoum40,235,712
 SwazilandMbabane1,119,524
 TanzaniaDodoma51,046,045
 TogoLomé7,065,418
 TunisiaTunis11,118,759
 UgandaKampala37,102,024
 ZambiaLusaka15,474,644
 ZimbabweHarare13,503,963
Total 1,125,307,147
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It may seem odd to have a to-be-determined count of countries on a continent, but in no way is the continent of Africa unique in this confusion.

Similar situations exist on the continent of Asia with Taiwan and on the continent of Europe with including the country of Kosovo.

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